Gums are Swollen

“My gums are swollen” is a common complaint among our patients at Kane & Kerper Family & Cosmetic Dentistry.

Though there are several reasons your gums could be swelling, the most common cause is gingivitis.


Gingivitis is an inflammation of your gums caused by a bacterial infection. If it’s left untreated, it can lead to a more severe disease called periodontitis, which is a primary cause of tooth loss. Risk factors for this condition include smoking, diabetes, certain medicines, crooked teeth, dental appliances that don’t fit well in your mouth, etc.


Another reason you may be suffering from gum soreness is malnutrition. This occurrs when your body failed to absorb the necessary nutrients that it needs, which can lead to a variety of health problems.

A lack of vitamin C can cause your gums to bleed or swell. Your gum tissues require vitamin C for growth and repair. Without it, your gums become more susceptible to infection and disease. A folic acid deficiency will also cause gum pain and swelling gums. Folic acid is needed for the proper production of RBC, protein and tissue growth. Riboflavin deficiency will also lead to swollen gums as this vitamin promotes good RBC synthesis and strengthens the immune system.


If you’re pregnant, it’s common to experience gum pain or swollen gums. Pregnancy gingivitis is the result of hormonal changes. These changes cause an increased blood flow to your gum tissue. They make your gums more irritable and swollen. Hormonal changes can affect your body’s normal response to harmful bacteria, causing periodontal infections. To manage this condition, make sure that you follow proper dental care. Brush your teeth using a soft toothbrush twice a day. Floss at least once a day.

Herpetic stomatitis

Herpetic stomatitis is a viral infection that causes swollen gums. Herpetic stomatitis isn’t the same as canker sores. This disease is caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus). In addition to gum pain or gum soreness, you may also experience drooling, fever, mouth pain, and irritability. To ease the pain, you may be given a prescription medicine that fights the virus. Numbing medicine may also be given to relieve severe pain.

How to prevent swollen gums?

The most effective ways to avoid gum disease are to brush your teeth twice a day and floss. When you brush your teeth, make sure that you’re following the proper brushing technique. At Kane & Kerper Family & Cosmetic Dentistry, we’ll give you a quick lesson.

In addition to brushing and flossing, you also need to rinse your mouth using an antiseptic mouthwash to eliminate the bacteria that cause gum disease.

Because malnutrition is one of the reasons of swollen gums, you need to eat a well-balanced diet. Your diet must include sufficient amount of vitamin C and calcium, as well as folic acid and riboflavin. These nutrients can minimize your likelihood to suffer from gum problems. Say no to tobacco. Smoking cigarettes can cause gum soreness.

If you’re not sure why your gums are swelling, you should make an appointment at Kane & Kerper Family & Cosmetic Dentistry.


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